While flying recently, I’ve been checking out Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi’s book Creativity: The Work and Lives of 91 Eminent People. Mihaly is a seminal professor of Psychology and Management and is the Founding Co-Director of the Quality of Life Research Center at Claremont.

He writes: “I have devoted 30 years of research to how creative people live and work, to make more understandable the mysterious process by which they come up with new ideas and new things. If I had to express in one word what makes their personalities different from others, it’s complexity. They show tendencies of thought and action that, in most people, are segregated. They contain contradictory extremes; instead of being an individual, each of them is a multitude.”

Mihaly describes 9 contradictory traits frequently present in creative people:

01 Most creative people have a great deal of physical energy but are often quiet and at rest. Nevertheless, they can work long hours with great concentration.

02 Most creative people tend to be smart and naive at the same time. “It involves fluency, or the ability to generate a great quantity of ideas; flexibility, or the ability to switch from one perspective to another; and originality in picking unusual associations of ideas. These are the dimensions of thinking that most creativity tests measure and that most creativity workshops try to enhance.”

03 Most creative people combine both playfulness and productivity, which can sometimes mean both responsibility and irresponsibility. “Despite the carefree air that many creative people affect, most of them work late into the night and persist when less driven individuals would not.” Usually, this perseverance occurs at the expense of other responsibilities or other people.

04 Most creative people alternate fluently between imagination, fantasy, and a rooted sense of reality. In both art and science, movement forward involves a leap of imagination, a leap into a different world from our present. Interestingly, this visionary imagination works in conjunction with a hyperawareness of reality. Attention to details allows a creative person to imagine ways to improve them.

05 Most creative people tend to be both introverted and extroverted. Many people tend toward one extreme or the other, but highly creative people are a balance both simultaneously.

06 Most creative people are genuinely humble and display a strong sense of pride at the same time.

07 Most creative people are both rebellious and conservative. “It is impossible to be creative without having first internalized an area of culture. So it’s difficult to see how a person can be creative without being both traditional and conservative and at the same time rebellious and iconoclastic.”

08 Most creative people are very passionate about their work but remain extremely objective about it. They can admit when something they have made is not very good.

09 Most creative people’s openness and sensitivity expose them to a large amount of suffering and pain, but joy and life in the midst of that suffering. “Perhaps the most important quality, the one that is most consistently present in all creative individuals, is the ability to enjoy the process of creation for its own sake. Without this trait, poets would give up striving for perfection and would write commercial jingles, economists would work for banks where they would earn at least twice as much as they do at universities, and physicists would stop doing basic research and join industrial laboratories where the conditions are better and the expectations more predictable.”

Which one do you relate to the most?

I can have a great deal of manic, creative energy (the fritz) but I often come across as very quiet, reserved, and at rest. I’m way more of an introvert when people might want me to be outgoing. I also suffer from hyper-focusing and can work long hours with significant concentration in silence. My silence comes across as not being fully engaged or involved, but instead of trying to be a big talker at the table, I like to sit back and listen rather than talk for the sake of talking. I’m not fond of idle chit-chat. I’m interested in seeing all sides of conversations and problems (as well as body language and emotions) before coming going off to find a conclusion, solution, or idea.